The thickening of the maxillary sinus mucosa is one of the typical signs of sinus infection. However, many people suffer from this symptom and be extremely miserable. So is this situation dangerous and what to do to overcome it? Let’s find out in the article below.
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What is the thickening of the sinus mucosa?
According to experts, thickened sinus mucosa is one of the signs that occur when the patient has a sinus infection.
In a normal jaw, the mucosa is covered on the surface with a thin layer of transfer hair. As for cases where the sinus mucosa is thickened due to infection, allergies, it will cause the lining of the sinuses to become congested and swollen thicken.
When observed on X-ray film, it will clearly be seen the thickness of the sinus lining of the jaw, even seen inside the sinus containing water.
Causes of sinus mucosa thickening
According to experts, because the jaw sinus is structured near the upper jaw bone, the leading cause of thickening of the maxillary mucosa is due to oral diseases such as infection of wisdom teeth, tooth decay, extraction. teeth, gingivitis, teething …
In addition, people with maxillary sinus mucosa may have other triggers such as:
- Allergens such as environment, dust, cigarette smoke, alcohol …
- Bacterial, viral, pathogenic fungi infections during the period when the body’s resistance is weakened.
People with thickened sinus lining will often feel severe pain on the face, be it one side of the face or the whole face, especially pain in the cheeks, the pain is sometimes severe, sometimes prolonged dullness and accompanied by high fever, pus appearing from the nostrils with sinus, nasal discharge has an unpleasant odor …
Signs to recognize when thickened sinus mucosa
The maxillary sinus mucosa has some of the following hallmarks:
- Inflammatory nasal discharge: Nasal discharge from the side of the nose is inflamed and has a bad smell.
- Have aches and pains on one side of the face or the entire face, especially the cheeks.
- The breath of a person with a thickened sinus lining is usually smelly and thinner than usual.
- When the disease relapses, dull headaches will be accompanied by nausea and dizziness.
In addition, depending on the case of each person with sinus mucosa, the signs of the disease will be different such as:
- Acute stage : This stage is the early stage of the disease and causes symptoms such as high fever, sharp pain in the upper jaw, and painful pain in the eye socket and spread throughout the temples. The pain is exacerbated by vigorous activity or bending. At first, the nasal discharge is usually thin but later becomes denser, darker in color and has a heavier odor.
- Chronic Stage : The pain subside and stuffy nose is replaced. Accompanying it is a lot of nasal discharge, green, foul-smelling fluid and causes pain in the temples. If at this stage, the condition of the sinus mucosa is still not actively treated, it will be very dangerous and cause unintended complications.
Thick sinus mucosa is not dangerous?
If the condition of the sinus mucosa is not actively treated, it will aggravate this condition. Even causing mucositis that causes them to degenerate into nasal polyps , the lining of the nose is swollen under the connective tissue layer and causes overexertion of the nose.
Most of the diseases related to sinusitis, not only the thickening of the sinus lining, have a lot to do with the health and life of the patient. If the patient neglects and ignores the symptoms, not actively treating actively will make the thickening of the sinus lining worse and cause dangerous complications such as:
Respiratory tract damage
It can be said that the nose is an important gateway in respiration, so once the nose is inflamed and suffer from diseases such as sinusitis, sinus thickening, etc., it will directly affect the back respiratory system. .
Symptoms can appear such as stuffy nose, blocked nose on one side or both sides of the nose, the patient must frequently breathe through the mouth, causing the air before entering the lungs to not be warmed and cleaned so it is easy to cause. pneumonia.
In addition, a lot of nasal secretions but cannot get out of the nose due to a stuffy nose will flow back to the throat and cause sore throat.
Causes ear damage
For people with chronic sinus mucosa, it will cause symptoms of pus flowing from the posterior nostril and down the nasopharynx, depositing in the ear canal, so when sneezing will easily cause otitis media. In particular, this condition is more likely to occur in children because a child’s ear canal is usually small, short and wide, and more horizontal than an adult’s.
This makes it easier for the discharge of pus to enter the child’s ear canal and cause an ear infection. Inflammation of the middle ear can occur in two forms, including acute purulent otitis and otitis media with fluid retention. If the disease is not detected and treated in time, it will cause many extremely dangerous complications such as eardrum perforation, permanent hearing loss …
The most common bone complication associated with maxillary sinus lining is inflammation of the frontal lobe bone and occlusion of the blood vessels in the bone. The disease starts from the frontal bone, then gradually spread to the temporal and parietal bones.
When experiencing these complications, symptoms such as severe forehead pain, red swelling of the frontal bone and formation of a nasal abscess.
Causes laryngeal tumors
Long-term thickening of the jaw sinus mucosa, if not actively treated, can form a benign tumor inside the larynx. However, although the benign tumor is not too dangerous to the patient’s life, if not treated actively, it can cause hoarseness or loss of voice.
Therefore, the patient absolutely must not be subjective with complications of thickening sinus mucosa because it will make sinusitis more serious and difficult to cure completely. Even complications of sinusitis can cause inflammation of multiple sinuses, sinus venitis, optic neuritis … extremely dangerous.
Some ways to overcome maxillary sinus mucosa
Currently, there are many ways to help reverse the symptoms of thickening the sinus mucosa. Depending on the severity or mildness of the disease as well as the health condition of the patient, suitable remedies will be assigned.
Treatment of maxillary sinus mucosa with Western medicine
Most cases of maxillary sinus mucosa are indicated for medical treatment. Very few cases with dangerous complications appear to be considered by specialists for surgical procedures.
Accordingly, the main medical treatment is drug use. Commonly used drugs such as antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-allergic drugs, antihistamines, pain relievers, anti-edema drugs …
The goal of Western medicine is to quickly reverse the symptoms of the disease as well as inhibit the inflammatory process of sinus infection. However, patients should be very careful to only use drugs according to the doctor’s prescription, do not arbitrarily use drugs to avoid causing greasiness, not achieving the desired effects and causing side effects. such as kidney failure, liver failure, stomach ulcers …
In addition, the case that the patient is indicated to perform surgical surgery also means that the medical treatment is not effective or complications such as scoliosis of the nasal septum , the appearance of nasal polyps or foreign bodies. inside the sinuses …
Common procedures are commonly used to overcome maxillary sinus thickening such as maxillary sinus surgery, nasal polyps surgery, cavity rinsing (Proetz procedure), purulent sinus puncture, septum orthopedics …
How to treat maxillary sinus mucosa at home
Traditionally, there are many remedies that work to reduce the symptoms of infection and pain caused by thickening of the sinus mucosa. There are some simple tips that patients can apply at home such as:
- Garlic: Use 40g dry garlic soaked with 100ml of white wine. During the brewing process occasionally gently shake the bottle to allow the wine to turn from white to natural yellow. Wait about 7-10 days, then take out and use. Every day, add 1-2 drops of alcohol to the nasal cavity, gently squeeze the nose so that the solution penetrates deep inside and takes effect.
- Ginger : Use 2 fresh ginger bulbs and 2 peeled onions and wash them. Put all the ingredients in the blender to puree and squeeze the juice. Perform a clean nose hygiene with normal saline and then use a cotton swab to soak the ginger juice and onions put in the nasal cavity about 30 minutes. Persistently perform 3-4 times a day, do it continuously for 1 week and feel the results.
- The guise leaves : Use 1 handful of guise leaves, wash them, then grind them to squeeze the juice. Use this juice to place 1-2 drops into the nasal cavity. Persistently do this for a long time until the nose is clear again and there are no more stuffy or achy symptoms.
The use of natural medicinal herbs only supports treatment but is not able to cure the disease and the time it takes effect is quite slow. Therefore, this method is usually only applied to people with mild illness, without complications. If the disease has turned chronic, it will be very difficult to get the best effect.
Cure sinus mucosa with Oriental medicine
The healing principle of Oriental medicine is based on the factor of balancing yin and yang in order to restrain the fire itself, repel evil energy and firmly maintain itself. Therefore, patients can look to reputable oriental medicine pharmacies to buy medicines that support sinusitis treatment . Persistent use for a long time will help achieve positive results without causing side effects for the patient.
Some note treatment of maxillary sinus mucosa
To ensure the disease is pushed back quickly, in addition to the application of intensive treatment of the doctor, the patient needs to combine with the addition of important nutrients for the body, rest, living and movement. science to help your body get well enough to deal with its symptoms easily.
In addition, take preventive measures to prevent recurrent symptoms of sinus thickening such as:
- Stay away from agents that easily cause allergies such as dogs and cats, dust, cigarette smoke, chemicals, pollen …
- Regularly wash your nose with saline or home-diluted saline to clean the nasal cavity, provide moisture to the nose, and soften the dry, hardened nasal fluids to relieve aches and pains.
- Drink plenty of water every day because water plays an important role in thinning the mucus that is blocking the inside of the sinus cavities. However, you should only drink warm water, herbal tea or fruit tea without ice, because ice will cause the sinus lining to damage and thicken.
- Avoid using your hands or sharp objects to poke your nose because they can introduce bacteria and parasites into the sinus cavities and damage the sinus lining, bleeding, and easy infection.
- Wear a mask every time you go out, especially when going to contaminated places that contain toxic substances.
- Limit in an air-conditioned environment, keep the body warm, especially in the throat, nose area by using a warm scarf.
- Improve health and resistance to the body by exercising and sports regularly such as jogging, yoga, jogging … depending on your preference.
The condition of the maxillary sinus mucosa can be completely cured when it is detected early and actively treated. So, please pay attention to observe the symptoms of instability of the body and visit reputable Ear – Nose – Throat specialist hospitals to be treated, to avoid risks and dangerous complications and effects. health of the patient.