Superinfection sinus sinus infection is a complication of allergic rhinitis caused by bacteria, viruses that cause disease
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Allergic rhinitis is a common condition, caused by many changes in weather, dust, pollen, and cigarette smoke … Meanwhile, allergic rhinitis is a variant of allergic rhinitis. . This situation makes many patients uncomfortable and confused because they do not know what superinfection sinus rhinitis is, how to treat it. If you are wondering about this disease, do not ignore the information below.

Superinfection sinus sinus infection is a complication of allergic rhinitis caused by bacteria, viruses that cause disease
Superinfection sinus sinus infection is a complication of allergic rhinitis caused by bacteria, viruses that cause disease

What is superinfection sinus sinus infection?

Allergic rhinitis is not caused by a virus, but by allergic reactions of the body to indoor or outdoor substances such as pollen, dust, dog hair … Meanwhile, superinfection sinus sinus infections are A severe form of allergic rhinitis, which is a severe bacterial infection against the background of allergic rhinitis. That is, if you have allergic rhinitis that you are not treated in time, properly, it will make the disease worse, leading to the appearance of superinfective allergic sinus rhinitis. 

It is judged to be much more severe than allergic rhinitis, usually occurring at a certain point or year round and can occur at any age. If not treated in time, it can affect your health and cause many serious complications. Therefore, it is best for people with allergic rhinitis to learn to determine if they have this condition or not to have appropriate prevention and treatment.

Causes of allergic sinus rhinitis superinfection

As mentioned, superinfective allergic rhinitis occurs against the background of allergic rhinitis. Therefore, there will be causes that are quite similar to allergic rhinitis. Usually, the main causes of this condition are:

  • Weather factors: The most sudden weather change is the time of season change, changing from cold to hot.
  • Environmental factors: Due to environmental pollution, frequent exposure to toxic chemicals, dirt, and garbage … makes patients suffering from allergic rhinitis for a long time not being treated, improper treatment leads to penetration and growth of bacteria, viruses causing superinfection.
  • Due to allergens: Usually comes from factors such as chicken mites, mites, animal hair, pollen, mold, dirt, cigarette smoke, chemical vapor …
  • Congenital: Associated with structural abnormalities of the nose such as scoliosis, septal malformations plus external agents leading to allergic rhinitis. Due to the abnormal nasal structure that makes it difficult to treat, without definitive treatment, it creates conditions for viruses and bacteria to cause superinfection.
  • Due to the location: People who have had diseases such as atopic dermatitis, asthma … are also susceptible to superinfection sinus rhinitis due to difficult treatment of complete allergic rhinitis.
  • Due to weakened immune system: Decreased resistance, weakened immune system due to drug use or disease often facilitates bacteria and viruses to enter and develop inflammation.
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Symptoms of allergic rhinitis are common

Headache, runny nose, and constant sneezing are common symptoms of this disease
Headache, runny nose, and constant sneezing are common symptoms of this disease

In fact, allergic rhinitis has symptoms of allergic rhinitis, but more severe it is. Some of the symptoms of the disease that you can refer to are:

  • Sneezing: A typical symptom of most diseases related to the nose. When the sinus is allergic leading to superinfection, it will cause tickling, irritation in the nose leading to constant sneezing, sometimes the colon wall is several dozen long, difficult to control. This condition causes the diaphragm to constrict, making the patient feel tired, watery eyes, runny nose, chest pain, and eye stinging.
  • Runny nose: Sometimes the patient will experience a runny nose, initially a lot of nasal discharge, clear color, odorless, can not be controlled. Due to allergies, the patient sneezes a lot, leading to a runny nose. Nasal discharge can run down the throat or come out causing cough, sore throat, and irritation of the pharyngeal lining.
  • Itchy nose: A reaction of the nasal mucosa to allergens, this condition will cause the patient to constantly rub his nose. 
  • Nasal congestion: There may be stuffy on both sides of the nose or stuffy nose on each side, which can increase when the patient is in the air-conditioned room or when the weather turns cold.
  • A cloudy yellow runny nose: Initially the runny nose is clear, after a while it will turn cloudy yellow or green and flow in waves, making the patient extremely uncomfortable.
  • Itchy eyes: People with superinfection sinus sinus infections often feel itchy eyes, eyes may be slightly swollen due to the influence of over-released free histamine. In addition, the patient may also experience swelling of the eyelids, watery eyes, and dark circles around the eyes.
  • Other symptoms : Usually headache, itchy throat, cough, fever, otitis media, hoarseness due to laryngeal edema.

Is allergic sinus infection dangerous?

According to doctors, whether superinfection sinus sinus infections are dangerous or not depends on the treatment method and care of the patient. To completely treat allergic rhinitis is not easy, but if subjectively not treated or treated incorrectly, it will cause many complications such as:

  • Sinusitis: A condition most likely to occur due to the structure of the nose and sinuses closely related to each other. If the nose has a superinfection, the inflammatory pus can flow from the nose to the sinus cavities, causing sinusitis. The symptoms of early recognition are headache, eye pain, watery eyes, stuffy nose …
  • Pharyngitis: When you have allergic rhinitis, a runny nose can flow down the throat carrying bacteria, the virus invades the throat, causing irritation to the throat mucosa, cough, burning, hot, red, uncomfortable pain in the throat mucosa . 
  • Laryngitis: As mentioned, superinfection allergies can cause rotational blockage or blockage of both wings, causing the patient to breathe through the mouth frequently. This causes a very high risk of laryngitis.
  • Asthma: People with superinfection sinus sinus infections are very susceptible to asthma if they are regularly exposed to allergens, especially those with atopic allergies.
  • Otitis media: The eyes, nose, mouth, and ears are closely related. When rhinitis, nasal fluids can be drained from the sinuses to the eardrums, causing otitis media.
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To summarize with the question of whether allergic rhinitis is dangerous, the answer is yes, the longer the disease is, the higher the danger level. Although not life threatening, it affects the health, reduces the quality of life, and also affects the work of the patient.

The treatments

There are many treatments for superinfection sinus sinus infections
There are many treatments for superinfection sinus sinus infections

There are many ways to treat allergic rhinitis, depending on the condition that there are appropriate treatment measures. However, no matter how you treat it, you must first identify the cause and isolate it from the allergen. Some of the treatments that you can refer to are:

1. Use folk tips

In fact, folk tips only play a supporting role in treatment, suitable for people with mild allergic rhinitis. Some popular remedies are:

  • Use garlic juice: Take a few garlic cloves, squeeze the juice, mix with sesame oil, use a cotton swab to clean the nose 1-2 times / day, you can replace sesame oil with honey.
  • Use the five-color flower tree: Take 100g of five-color flowers, wash them with diluted salt water, crush them, squeeze the juice, use a cotton ball to absorb this juice and stuff it into each nose. In addition, you can also use five colors for steaming by taking 30g of this flower and cook with water, boil it for 10 minutes, put it in a bowl, bring your nose close, cover the blanket and steam your nose. 
  • Use the Gac seed tree : Take 20 old Gac seeds to grill on the charcoal stove until the shell is slightly burned, then crush it, soak it with 40 degrees of alcohol, after 2 – 5 days, it can be used. Just take a cotton swab, absorb a little of this solution and apply it to the bridge of the nose.
  • Using physiological saline:   Take 9g of sea salt mixed with 1 liter of boiled water to cool, put in a nasal wash, tilt your head to one side and spray the salt water into the upper nostril to let the salt water run down the lower nostril. blow gently to push the mucus out. You can buy 0.9% normal saline outside a pharmacy to use.
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2. Use Western medicine

Using Western medicines to treat superinfection sinus rhinitis is the fastest effective treatment because these drugs contain anti-inflammatory and antibacterial ingredients to help quickly relieve symptoms such as runny nose, allergies. . However, in order to completely treat this condition with Western drugs, there must be an appropriate treatment regimen as directed by the doctor. When treating with Western drugs, doctors usually prescribe to use some drugs such as:

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs: Methylprednisolon, Prednisolon …
  • Antibiotics: Amoxicillin, Azithromycin, Cefixim, Erythromycin … 
  • Antihistamines: Cetirizine, Desloratadine, Loratadine
  • Cough-reducing expectorants: Dextromethorphan, Terpin-codeine
  • Vasoconstrictors, anti-edema: Naphazolin, Xylometazolin

3. Using Oriental medicine

Besides using Western medicine, you can look to Oriental medicine to treat allergic sinus rhinitis superinfection. Traditional medicine is made from natural herbs, so it is safe, benign, and causes little side effects for the patient. However, the disadvantage of Oriental medicine is that it works slowly, so patients have to persevere in using for a long time to see effectiveness. Oriental remedies for allergic rhinitis often have main uses of inflammation, heat, detoxification, welding, leprosy, reduce itching, improve resistance.

Measures to prevent superinfection allergic sinus rhinitis

Keep the body warm in cold weather, limit contact with allergens to avoid superinfection when allergic rhinitis
Keep the body warm in cold weather, limit contact with allergens to avoid superinfection when allergic rhinitis

When allergic rhinitis, in order to prevent the disease from progressing badly to superinfection sinus rhinitis, you need to take the following precautions:

  • Minimize contact with allergens, determine the cause of your allergies to avoid and avoid exposure.
  • Wear a mask when on the road to prevent contact with dirt and people with respiratory illnesses
  • Keep your body warm, avoid putting your hands on your eyes and face to avoid creating chances for virus bacteria to enter your body
  • Drink plenty of water, preferably warm water, build a suitable diet, keep a comfortable mood, avoid stress and fatigue, avoid staying up late, increase resistance.
  • Pay attention to personal hygiene, oral hygiene, and rinse your mouth with salt water regularly. Wash bedding, curtains, and home and surroundings to limit the growth of pathogenic bacteria.

Above is some information about superinfection allergic sinus rhinitis. Although not too dangerous, but if the disease lasts for a long time, it will seriously affect your health and living life. Therefore, if there are health abnormalities, the disease shows no signs of remission, it is best to see a doctor early for appropriate treatment.


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